Basketball was invented by a gentleman by the name of James Naismith in 1891. The game of basketball is now played around the world in countries like Russia, Great Britain, Germany, Spain and parts of Asia, but it is the United States that the sport became a phenomenon where it is the most popular today. The NBA (National Basketball Association) is by far the biggest and most important basketball league in the world, it is also the most lucrative. The NBA is comprised of 30 teams all with a die-hard following.
History of the Game
The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then in other parts of the world. After basketball became established in American colleges, the professional game followed. The American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1946, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_basketball)
Goal of the game
The game is played by two teams of five players. The goal of the game is to score points by throwing a basketball into a hoop of the opposing team. The hoop stands 10 feet above the court. The playing area is a rectangle surface made up of wood lates that are called the court. The court is divided into halves. Depending on where the players stand on the court at any given time when making a point determines how many points are recorded. The ball can be moved around the court by dribbling or passing. At the end of the game, the team with the most point wins.
Equipment needed to play the game
Each team is made up of 12 players with only 5 on the court playing at any time. Each of the 5 players is given a specific task broken up into 5 specific positions: Point Guard, Defensive Guard, Center, Offensive forward and Defensive Forward. Each player will take their position on the court but are allowed to move freely. To play the game all is needed is a court and a basketball. Teams must wear matching jerseys. Some players might choose to use mouth guards and face masks for protection. The Game is divided into 4 – 12 minutes quarters. Between the 2nd and 3rd quarters, a 15 minutes break called half time is respected.
How points are scored
There are 3 scoring points that can be recorded. 3 pointers that is recorded when a player scores when standing outside the 3 points arc. 2 points when the scoring player is standing inside the 3 point arc. And 1 point is recorded when a free through is shot. The number of free through will depend on where the foul was committed on the court.
The rules in depth
- Each team can have a maximum of 5 players on the court at any one time. Substitutions can be made as many times as they wish within the game.
- The ball can only be moved by either dribbling (bouncing the ball) or passing the ball. Once a player puts two hands on the ball (not including catching the ball) they cannot then dribble or move with the ball and the ball must be passed or shot.
- After the ball goes into a team’s half and they win possession back the ball must then make it back over the halfway line within 10 seconds. If the ball fails to do so then a foul will be called and the ball will be turned over.
- Each team has 24 seconds to at least shot at the basket. A shot constitutes either going in the basket or hitting the rim of the basket. If after the shot is taken and the ball fails to go in the basket then the shot clock is restarted for another 24 seconds.
- The team trying to score a basket is called the offense whilst the team trying to prevent them from scoring is called the defense. The defense must do all they can to stop the offense from scoring by either blocking a shot or preventing a shot from being fired.
- After each successful basket, the ball is then turned over to the opposition.
- Fouls committed throughout the game will be accumulated and then when reached a certain number will be eventually be awarded as a free throw. A free throw involves one player from the offensive team (the player fouled) to take a shot unopposed from the free-throw line. Depending on where the foul was committed will depend on the number of free throws a player gets.
- Violations in basketball include traveling (taking more than one step without bouncing the ball), double dribble (picking the ball up dribbling, stopping then dribbling again with two hands), goaltending (a defensive player interferes with the ball traveling downwards towards the basket) and backcourt violation (once the ball passes the halfway line the offensive team cannot take the ball back over the halfway line).